The set of research papers published on congestion control is extensive, with only a small subset cited in the main body of the book. This section is a place to collect a more comprehensive bibliography, which (for now) is organized according the major themes covered in the book.
We invite the community help keep the bibliography complete and up-to-date. Please submit a Pull Request to GitHub to include additional citations or to fix mistakes. Post an Issue to GitHub if you have suggestions for ways to improve how the bibliography is organized.
L. Kleinrock. Queueing Systems, Volume 2. Wiley & Sons, May 1976.
V. Paxson and S. Floyd. Wide-Area Traffic: The Failure of Poisson Modeling. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, June 1995.
W. Leland et al, On the self-similar nature of Ethernet traffic. ACM SIGCOMM ‘93 Symposium, August 1993.
J. Gettys. Bufferbloat: Dark Buffers in the Internet. IEEE Internet Computing, April 2011.
M. Mathis, J. Semke, J. Mahdavi, and T. Ott. The Macroscopic Behavior of the TCP Congestion Avoidance Algorithm. SIGCOMM CCR, 27(3), July 1997.
F. Kelly. Charging and Rate Control for Elastic Traffic. European Transactions on Telecommunications, 8:33–37, 1997.
S. Athuraliya and S. Low. An Empirical Validation of a Duality Model of TCP and Active Queue Management Algorithms. Proceedings of the Winter Simulation Conference, 2001.
R. Jain and K. K. Ramakrishnan. Congestion Avoidance in Computer Networks with a Connectionless Network Layer: Concepts, Goals and Methodology.. Computer Networking Symposium, April 1988.
R. Jain, D. Chiu, and W. Hawe. A Quantitative Measure of Fairness and Discrimination for Resource Allocation in Shared Computer Systems. DEC Research Report TR-301, 1984.
Bob Briscoe. Flow Rate Fairness: Dismantling a Religion. ACM SIGCOMM CCR, April 2007.
R. Ware, et al. Beyond Jain’s Fairness Index: Setting the Bar for the Deployment of Congestion Control Algorithms. ACM SIGCOMM HotNets. November 2019.
J. Saltzer, D. Reed, and D. Clark. End-to-End Arguments in System Design. ACM Transactions on Computer Systems, Nov. 1984.
D. Clark, The Design Philosophy of the DARPA Internet Protocols. ACM SIGCOMM, 1988.
S. Jain, et al. B4: Experience with a Globally-Deployed Software Defined WAN. ACM SIGCOMM, August 2013.
J. Perry, et al. Fastpass: A Centralized “Zero-Queue” Datacenter Network. ACM SIGCOMM, August 2014.
V. Jacobson. Congestion Avoidance and Control. ACM SIGCOMM ‘88 Symposium, August 1988.
J. Hoe. Improving the start-up behavior of a congestion control scheme for TCP. ACM SIGCOMM ‘96 Symposium. August 1996.
L. Brakmo, S. O’Malley, and L. Peterson TCP Vegas: New Technique for Congestion Detection and Avoidance. ACM SIGCOMM ‘94 Symposium. August 1994. (Reprinted in IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, October 1995).
S. Low, L. Peterson, and L. Wang. Understanding TCP Vegas: A Duality Model.. Journal of the ACM, Volume 49, Issue 2, March 2002.
S. Ha, I. Rhee, and L. Xu. CUBIC: a new TCP-friendly high-speed TCP variant. ACM SIGOPS Operating Systems Review, Volume 42, Issue 5, July 2008.
N. Cardwell, Y. Cheng, C. S. Gunn, S. Yeganeh, V. Jacobson. BBR: Congestion-based Congestion Control. Communications of the ACM, Volume 60, Issue 2, February 2017.
B. Briscoe, et al. Implementing the “Prague Requirements” for Low Latency Low Loss Scalable Throughput (L4S). Linux NetDev 0x13 Conference, March 2019.
Active Queue Management
K.K. Ramakrishnan and R. Jain. A Binary Feedback Scheme for Congestion Avoidance in Computer Networks with a Connectionless Network Layer. ACM SIGCOMM, August 1988.
S. Floyd and V. Jacobson Random Early Detection (RED) Gateways for Congestion Avoidance. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking. August 1993.
R. Braden, et al. Recommendations on Queue Management and Congestion Avoidance in the Internet. RFC 2309, April 1998.
K. Ramakrishnan, S. Floyd, and D. Black. The Addition of Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN) to IP. RFC 3168, September 2001.
K. Nichols and V. Jacobson. Controlling Queue Delay. ACM Queue, 10(5), May 2012.
M. Alizadeh, et al. Data Center TCP (DCTCP). ACM SIGCOMM, August 2010.
R. Mittal, et al. TIMELY: RTT-based Congestion Control for the Datacenter. ACM SIGCOMM 2015.
S. Liu, et al. Breaking the Transience-Equilibrium Nexus: A New Approach to Datacenter Packet Transport. Usenix NSDI ‘21. April 2021.
S. Shalunov, et al. Low Extra Delay Background Transport (LEDBAT). RFC 6817, December 2012.
J. Iyengar and I. Swett, Eds. QUIC Loss Detection and Congestion Control. RFC 9002, May 2021.
H. Jiang, Z. Liu, Y. Wang, K. Lee and I. Rhee. Understanding Bufferbloat in Cellular Networks. ACM SIGCOMM Workshop on Cellular Networks, August 2012.
K. Liu and J. Y. B. Lee, On Improving TCP Performance over Mobile Data Networks. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, 2016.
Y. Xie, F. Yi, and K. Jamieson. PBE-CC: Congestion Control via Endpoint-Centric, Physical-Layer Bandwidth Measurements. SIGCOMM 2020.
Y. Gao, et al. Understanding On-device Bufferbloat For Cellular Upload. ACM Internet Measurement Conference (IMC), November 2016.
S. Floyd, M. Handley, J. Padhye, and J. Widmer. TCP Friendly Rate Control (TFRC): Protocol Specification. RFC 5348, September 2008.
J. Padhye, V. Firoiu, D. Towsley, and J. Kurose. Modeling TCP Throughput: A Simple Model and its Empirical Validation. ACM SIGCOMM, September 1998.
D. Wischik, C. Raiciu, A. Greenhalgh and M. Handley. Design, Implementation and Evaluation of Congestion Control for Multipath TCP. NSDI, April 2011.
C. Raiciu, M. Handley, and D. Wischik. Coupled Congestion Control for Multipath Transport Protocols. RFC 6356, October 2011.
Implementations and Tools
S.J. Leffler, M.K. McKusick, M.J. Karels, and J.S Quarterman. The Design and Implementation of the 4.3 BSD Unix Operating System. Addison-Wesley. January 1989.
RFC 6298: Computing TCP’s Retransmission Timer. June 2011.
The Linux Kernel. BPF Documentation.